Why is cybercrime on rise in India?

By Rohini Hiremath

The online boom has been the major reasons that most social sites, eCommerce, digitalisation, banking to online payments etc. has been on a rise. But it has a hindsight to it too as rise of internet has led to a rise in cyber crime.   In 2015, India was ranked third worldwide, next to the US and China, as a hub misuse of internet. In 2016, a report by Symantec Corp, a software security firm reporter the rise of cyber crimes reported in India rose 19 times over the last ten years (2005 to 2014), from 481 in 2005 to 9,622 in 2014.     Arrests involving cyber crimes also rose nine times from 569 in 2005 to 5,752 in 2014, according to National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data, even as the number of Indians logging into the Internet increases. Internet subscribers in India crossed 400 million mark, and are expected to reach 462 million by end of June 2016.     Growing internet diffusion and rising popularity of online banking have made India a favourite among the cyber criminals. Online banking frauds or cloning of ATM/Debit cards have become commonplace too. The increasing use of mobile/smartphones/tablets for online banking/financial transactions has also increased the vulnerabilities to a great extent. The maximum offenders came from the 18-30 age groups.   There has been a six-fold increase in such cases over the past three years. Around 2277 complaints of online banking/credit/debit card fraud have been reported this year, followed by 191 Facebook-related complaints (morphed pictures/cyber stalking/cyber bullying). Other major cyber complaints were cheating through mobile (61), hacking of e-mail ID (59), abusive/offensive/obscene calls and SMS (55), and others.   Cyber frauds which includes ATM/credit/debit cards and net banking, cost Rs. 226 crore ($38 million) over the last three financial years, 2012-13 to 2014-15.   Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra have occupied the top three positions when it comes to cyber crimes. Interestingly, these three states together contribute more than 70 per cent to India’s revenue from IT and IT related industries. Increasing in sale of smartphone and its usage in India, the number cyber crime victims has increased-in 2012, 46 million people against the global average of 560 million.   Obscenity, cheating, sexual exploitation is also accounted as a major menace of cyber crime in India. Cheating (1,115) was the most reported crime, accounting for nearly for 50 per cent of IPC crimes. Under SSL offences, copyright violation was the most reported crime (118 of 149). Followed by insult to modesty of women (599), fraud or illegal gain (495), sexual exploitation (357) and personal revenge/settling scores (285).     Maharashtra reported the most cyber crimes (1,879) in 2014, double the cases (907) of the previous year. Uttar Pradesh was second (1,737), followed by Karnataka (1,020), Telangana (703) and Rajasthan (697). The top five states accounted for 63 per cent of all cases in 2014.  Prime Minister Narendra Modi also highlighted and discussed cyber crime and cyber security issue with US President Barack Obama during his US visit. // ]]>

IS JAITLEY BEING PUSHED? WHY IS MODI SOFT ON SWAMY

Jaitely ji kya bole, kya nahin bole iss se mujhe kya lena dena (What do I care what Jaitely said or not said). He then went on to lampoon Jaitely by commenting that Indian leaders dressed in western attire, when they go abroad, looked like ‘waiters’. He made the statement on a day when suit-clad photographs of Jaitely, who was abroad, were published in the newspapers. A fuming Jaitely cut short his China visit and is believed to have met Modi to seek justice. It is well known that Swamy enjoys proximity to top leadership of the Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh (RSS) and the organisation was behind his nomination for the Upper House. That’s why observers are looking at the controversy as a tussle between Modi and Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on the one side and the RSS on the other. A similar tussle between RSS and former prime minister Atal Behari Vajpayee was witnessed during his tenure at the top job. Though the BJP and its leaders follow the ideology of the RSS, and in fact have their roots in RSS, there has always been a turf war between the two when the BJP is in power. Swamy had woven his way close to the RSS leadership by constantly hammering at the political rivals Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi and Robert Vadra. He had been levelling wild allegations against them. It had suited the RSS and the BJP. Swamy’s latest attack on Jaitely and his finance ministry was obviously not an isolated or unintended diatribe. It was a well thought out plan intended to provoke Jaitely as well as Modi. Swamy’s proximity to Nagpur also explains why Modi had been rather mild in his criticism and had refrained from naming him. He merely called the comments as inappropriate and a “publicity stunt”. He added that “anyone who believes he is bigger than the system is wrong” evidently sending a message to Swamy. He also took his party MP, again without naming him, to task for suggesting that Raghuram Rajan was not patriotic. “Rajan’s patriotism is no less than any of ours…..those who speak such language are doing great injustice to him” he said and declared that he appreciated the contributions made by the outgoing RBI governor. Though the rap to Swamy was considered too mild, it appears to have placated Jaitely and had silenced Swamy for a while but Swamy is not the one to lie low for long. Humiliating people has been his forte. Given his reputation as a rabble rouser he is likely to prove a thorn in the flesh of the Modi Government. Watch this space for more news emanating from him. RSS has sought to distance itself from the perception that it was backing Swamy on the issue. A senior RSS leader, who declined to be named, told a newspaper (TOI) that “RSS will communicate directly with the government on any issue. We don’t need a proxy for any purpose”. Swamy tweeted on Wednesday : ” I have said before and saying now : Come hell or high water I stand by Modi. I admire his spine. No foreign power can buckle him” (sic)   // ]]>

Schools, colleges shut in rain-hit Karnataka district

Bengaluru: Schools and colleges remained shut on Thursday across Kodagu district in south-west Karnataka as heavy rains inundated towns and villages. “The administration has declared a holiday for all schools and colleges after heavy rains lashed the region on Wednesday,” said an official from Madikeri, about 270 km from Bengaluru. With the monsoon intensifying in coastal and south interior areas of the state, the Triveni Sangama in Bhagamandala where river Cauvery originates was overflowing with rain water. “An arterial road between Madikeri and Talacauvery remained cut off owing to inundation and flooding of the Bhagamandala-Ayyangeri road has blocked plying of vehicles,” the official added. Widespread and heavy rains in the state’s central (Malnad) region have turned rivers and streams in Shivamogga district into a spate. Copious rains in the catchment areas of the coastal region and the Western Ghats have also raised water levels in dams and reservoirs for storage and hydel power. A vigourous monsoon in south interior and its active momentum in coastal areas brought heavy to very heavy rains, with Kollur, Gerusoppa and Bhagamandala recording a whopping 25 cm each rainfall. According to the state met office, heavy to very heavy rains are likely to pound several coastal and south interior areas. // ]]>

8 killed in Mumbai pharmacy blaze

Mumbai: At least eight persons, including three infants, were killed on Thursday when a massive blaze engulfed a medical store in Mumbai’s Andheri suburb, an official said. Three others, including a fireman battling the blaze were injured, said an official of BMC Disaster Control. The cause of the huge fire is still unknown but it was so intense that it resulted in eight deaths in a matter of an hour. The victims were from two families living above the store. While six of them died due to suffocation by the emanating toxic fumes, two sustained severe burns, said the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) Disaster control. The injured were rushed to the nearby Cooper Hospital in Juhu and two were discharged after treatment while one woman, Sofia Khan, 28, is undergoing treatment for upto 40 per cent burns. The pharmacy is situated in a chawl on the Juhu Gully in Andheri west and went up in flames around 6.15 a.m. The fire was contained within an hour, the official added. // ]]>

Gujarat government, BJP threatened traders to cancel meet: Kejriwal

Panaji: The Gujarat government and the BJP threatened members of a traders body in Surat into cancelling a July 10 meeting to which Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal had been invited as they are nervous about the AAP, Kejriwal said on Thursday. “The businessmen say they are getting calls from Gandhinagar, saying if Kejriwal is called, then they will be destroyed. So due to pressure by the Gujarat government, all these meetings are being cancelled,” the Aam Aadmi Party leader said during an interaction with editors here. “It clearly demonstrates the nervousness of the Gujarat BJP and the Gujarat government,” he added. Kejriwal said that one Jailal from the Surat Vehapari Mahamandal had formally invited him to attend a meeting in the city because of the support the AAP had given in the past to protestors demanding a rollback of the one percent excise imposition on jewellers. “Their head Jailal had come to invite me in Delhi at my home. They gave me a formal invitation. I accepted that. The meeting was supposed to take place on July 10. Suddenly, I am told that the venue, which was some university, suddenly the university cancelled the booking on its campus. “Suddenly, we realised that Jailal wrote them a letter that they were not organising the programme,” Kejriwal said, adding that subsequent sting operations on Wednesday had shown the Registrar of the University saying that if Kejriwal was being invited, the booking would be disallowed. // ]]>

Two guerrillas killed in Kashmir

Srinagar: Security forces shot dead two separatist guerrillas in Jammu and Kashmir on Thursday. A police officer told IANS that the security forces surrounded Malwara (Newa) village in Pulwama district following information about the presence of militants. “When challenged, the militants fired at the security forces after which an encounter started. Two militants have been killed,” he said. // ]]>

AAP ad budget less than money spent on PM's clothes: Kejriwal

Panaji: The AAP government’s advertising budget is less than the expenditure incurred on Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s clothes over the last two years, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal said on Thursday. He claimed that Modi never repeated clothes once worn and that each dress of the prime minister’s costs Rs 2 lakh. “It is being said we have given advertising of Rs 526 crore. Completely false. We have released advertising worth Rs 76 crore. That’s it. Advertising expenditure of all departments of the Delhi government is less than the total expenditure on Modi’s clothes,” Kejriwal said at a meeting with editors here. “I can give you the calculation. One dress that Modi wears is worth Rs two lakh. He change clothes five times a day, (which comes to) 10 lakh rupees (per day). He never repeats his clothes, doesn’t wash them and reuse them,” Kejriwal said, giving a detailed costing of Modi’s wardrobe. “Here’s the biggest proof. Go to Google, type ‘Modi’ and in the images column you will never see the same clothes in two separate images. The expense comes to Rs 10 lakh per day. He has been in power for 700 days, that means he has spent Rs 70 crore on clothes alone. Five crore more on his other clothes,” said Kejriwal. The Aam Aadmi Party convener also accused a large section of the media of being either “scared or ignorant,” citing the “five-hour non-stop broadcast” of the function organised to mark Modi’s completion of two years in power as a case in point. “I think media is either scared or ignorant. Not all, most of it. On completion of Modi’s two years in power, a five-hour programme from India Gate was telecast non-stop by all media channels. Has this ever happened? So if they are doing that, then they should show the good work we are doing too. They are not doing that,” Kejriwal said. “Completely false things about us are being picked up and repeated so many times that people actually start believing,” the Chief Minister said. Kejriwal said the two Delhi state assembly elections were won by the AAP despite a “negative and mischievous” campaign by the media against his party. He said the voters in general saw through the media campaign and ensured that the AAP won. “A section of the media is releasing wrong ‘facts’ about us. They are trying to defame us. But there is no need to worry, because the same media in Delhi left no stone unturned to defeat us. “The media ran such negative and mischievous campaigns ahead of both polls. Despite the media campaign, we performed so well. The people are discerning. They know the rights and wrongs about what is shown by the media,” he said. // ]]>

Shivraj Singh to expand his cabinet on Thursday

Bhopal: Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan is set on Thursday to expand his council of ministers, the first such exercise since he took office in December 2013 for his third successive term. There has been no official announcement as to who will be inducted, but sources said Archana Chitnis, Jaibhan Singh Pawaiya, Ramlal Rautela, Rustam Singh, and Vishwas Sarang are among those likely to be made ministers. Three elderly ministers are likely to be relieved and the portfolios of six others are likely to be changed, sources in the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) said. On Wednesday, Chouhan and the BJP’s in-charge for Madhya Pradesh Vinay Sahastrabuddhe had met party President Amit Shah and General Secretary (Organisation) Ramlal to discuss the possible inductees into the cabinet. // ]]>

NIA to probe 6 detained IS suspects

New Delhi/Hyderabad: The National Investigation Agency (NIA) will start a probe on Thursday against six suspected Islamic State (IS) terror group members, who were detained on Wednesday in Hyderabad, an official said. Syed Naimath Ullah Hussaini, 42, of Moghalpura; Muzaffar Hussain Rizwan, 29, of Talab Katta; Mohammed Ataullah Rehman, 30, of Bandlaguda; Abdul, 32, of Yusuf Gulshan colony; A.M. Azhar, 20 of Talab Katta; and Mohammed Arbaz Ahmed, 21, of Chandrayan Gutta were detained on Wednesday and were later released late night. “The six detained persons were released and summoned again today (Thursday) afternoon for further examination. Their role is being scrutinised,” the NIA official told IANS. The official also said that five others arrested accused will be presented before special NIA court in Nampally (Hyderabad) on Thursday. The ‘IS sympathisers’ arrested during raids across the city were Mohammed, 24; his brother Mohammed Ibrahim, 29, of Aman Nagar; Habib Mohammed, 32, of Barkas; Mohammed Irfan alias Yaqais, 26, of Chatta Bazaar; and Abdullah Bin Ahmed Al Amoodi alias Fahad, 30, of Charminar. The suspects — aged between 20 and 42 — were allegedly plotting bomb attacks and indiscriminate firing at shopping malls and crowded places in the city, NIA sources said. The suspects were caught by various NIA teams which conducted raids at 10 locations across the city early Wednesday morning in coordination with Andhra Pradesh Police. // ]]>