India China Relations

US Asks China Not To Block Azhar Listing

The United States has urged China to not block Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Masood Azhar’s listing as a global terrorist at the United Nations Security Council meeting to be held late on Wednesday over Azhar’s designation.

At the behest of Pakistan, China has previously stonewalled efforts to designate the Pakistan-based terror outfit’s chief as a global terrorist at the UNSC by putting technical holds.

Following the ghastly Pulwama terror attack carried out by the JeM, three of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council – the US, the UK and France – have initiated renewed efforts to get Azhar proscribed. China, on the other hand, has not outrightly supported the move until now.

“…, I would say that the United States and China share a mutual interest in achieving regional stability and peace and that a failure to designate Azhar would run counter to this goal,” Robert Palladino, the US Department of State’s Deputy Spokesperson stated on Tuesday (local time).

“JeM is a United Nations-designated terrorist group. Azhar is the founder and the leader of JeM, and he meets the criteria for designation by the United Nations. JEM has been responsible for numerous terrorist attacks and is a threat to regional stability and peace,” Palladino said at a media briefing.

40 CRPF personnel lost their lives in Jammu and Kashmir’s Pulwama on February 14 when a JeM terrorist targetted their convoy.

Tensions have been high between India and Pakistan ever since, with India undertaking an anti-terror strike on a major JeM camp in Pakistan’s Balakot in the aftermath.

The international community has supported India’s fight against terror, with the United States bluntly telling Pakistan to stop providing support and a safe haven to terrorists and terror outfits following the attack.

Pakistan’s military spokesperson, Major General Asif Ghafoor, on the other hand, has denied the presence of JeM in their country – a claim which has been widely ridiculed.

“It is regrettable Pakistan continues to deny JeM involvement in Pulwama attack. Is Pakistan defending Jaish and being its spokesperson? Till today Pakistan has failed to take any credible action against Jaish. Terrorist camps in Pakistan are in the public domain…All members of UNSC are aware of JeM camps in Pakistan and the presence of Masood Azhar in the country. We request all UNSC members to designate Masood Azhar under the UNSC sanction list. We have been repeatedly demanding Pakistan to take action against terror camps in their territory and area under its control,” India had earlier said while slamming Pakistan.



Aftermath Of Suicide Attack On CRPF In Pulwama

The Pulwama incident is a major intelligence and operational failure. The governor Mr Satya Pal Malik, in a first, has taken responsibility for the lapses and has assured that corrective actions would be taken. He added that after a collective review by all security forces, corrective measures would be put in place to eradicate terrorism from the state. Some experts feel that India lacks a strategic culture and we need to carry out a deep review of how we do business at strategic and tactical levels in sub conventional environment.
In a ghastly suicide attack on 14 February by a local twenty plus Kashmiri youth by smashing an explosive laden vehicle into a passenger bus of a long convoy carrying Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) troops ; 44 soldiers were martyred and a large number of them are battling for their lives in army hospitals across the country. This is by far the largest loss of lives in a single attack in J&K and has been claimed by Jaish-e-Mohammed ; the Pakistan based terrorist group that had lost some prominent leaders in encounters with security forces in recent years.
The deadly incident has been condemned by one and all and PM Modi has stated that the sacrifices will not go in vain. The international community has expressed its concern over this gruesome attack. Another attack by Pakistani terrorists on Iranian Revolutionary Guards left 27 Iranian soldiers dead along the border. Two days later, an Army major died in Naushera and two soldiers were injured while trying to diffuse an IED laid by Pakistani border action team. A pattern of a spurt in use of IEDs by Pakistan based terrorists is emerging which if not arrested could destabilise the security paradigm in the region.
National sentiments demand retribution from Pakistan and PM has stated that Indian Army and other security forces have been given a free hand to take necessary action. While it is clearly indicative that it is the handiwork of a Pakistan based group headed by Masood Azhar ; the fact that the attack has been carried out by a suicide Kashmiri youth in the hinterland leaves a lots of retrospection to be done and we need to chalk out a de novo approach to ensure that such deadly attacks are not repeated in the country. The suicide attack is on the lines of Palestinian terrorists and one needs to understand how Israeli Defence Forces tackle this menace.
As a first we need to take some defensive measures to ensure that our convoy movement is safe and prophylactic preventive measures are in place to thwart such designs. Simultaneously, the intelligence agencies have to trace back the chain that has been working behind the suicide bomber and dots have to be connected right upto it’s origin in Pakistan. Thereafter, while the Ministry of External Affairs would expose the Pakistani connection to the international community, the security and intelligence agencies have to surgically remove the umbicle cord between the handlers and the executors. The masterminds have to be identified and neutralised by R&WA and the assets and sleeper cells in Pakistan have to be reactivated.
In Kashmir Valley, population control measure will have to be firmly reinstituted. The security forces have to have census of all individuals residing in the area of responsibility. Search and cordon operations need to be enhanced in all suspicious areas where terrorists are likely to be harboured. The use of rubber bullets and other riot control equipment to engage stone throwers has to be reintroduced to save lynching of soldiers by errant civilians. Curfew under section 144 must be imposed in sensitive areas dynamically on need basis. These steps are really restrictive and retrograde but we do not have the luxury and capacity to absorb more losses of life.
In addition, personal security for all politicians, bureaucrats , senior police and security forces officers need to be stripped off and the resources thus available should be utised for area security. All residential areas of these officials should be grouped in one area like the cantonments and effective area security augmented with technology including BFSRs, HHTIs and unattended sensors should be deployed. On all important roads frequented by security forces, civil traffic should be regulated and picketing in addition to road opening should be resorted to.
The CRPF is a force which has no ‘Mai baap’. As the name suggests, it is a central government armed police force which is deployed to augment resources of the state police in maintaining law and order. Although organised in battalions, it is seldom deployed as such and is allocated in company lots. It is not unusual for a CRPF battalion located in Nagaland to have two to three companies deployed in J&K. There is no cohesiveness in the troops as the companies are more often than not led by inspectors and not by officers. The Commanding Officer (CO) is not in a position to affect the tactical employment of the force.
The CRPF companies come under command the state civil police and local Superintendent of Police (Operations) of a district (SP Ops) employs the CRPF. During the Punjab insurgency in the eighties, the SP(ops) used to allot the CRPF troops in penny packets and they were used to protect the local police stations ! At the higher level, the IPS officers commanding the force are removed from the tactical situation on the ground and assume only administrative duties. The Home Ministry needs to revamp command and control structures of this otherwise potent force.
The Modi Government has to take some tough decisions besides stripping Pakistan of the tag of most favoured nation status.This is perhaps the only time that the government of India would be able to push the abolition of Article 370 as political parties across the board are likely to support the government whole hog. India needs to unilaterally abrogate the Indus River Treaty and tell the world that it refuses to have any dealings with a rogue state. All cultural and sports exchange between the two countries need to be snapped permanently and homegrown talent needs to be promoted.
Division of Jammu and Kashmir into three states of Jammu, Kashmir Valley and Leh as envisaged by PM Modi, may be a good step to ensure better administration and localisation of the terrorist infested areas. This, however, may also end up in working as the chemotherapy for a malignant cancer and not a cure. The root causes of all insurgencies are political and economic in nature and must be addressed squarely to eradicate terrorism and not by barely going after the terrorists.
As Pakistan only understands the language of terror; whatever it takes to stoke separatist fires amongst Baluchi and Sindhi separatists, must be done. If Pakistan faces the threat of further balkanisation, so be it, and India should provide the catalysts.

Jaish chief's nephew killed in Pulwama gunfight

#masoodazhar ‘s Nephew Talhr Rashid Gunned Down in Pulwama,Kashmir By Our Forces. A Big Catch By Army. Jai Hind.. @adgpi

— ?SINGH ????????? (@HatindersinghR) November 7, 2017 According to Inspector General of Police Muneer Khan, the highlight of the operation was the recovery of a US-made M4 carbine from the eliminated militants. Khan said the M4 is a weapon used by US and NATO forces as well as Pakistan’s Special Forces. The other recovered weapons included an AK-74 and a pistol, plus ammunition. Sham Sunder of the 44 Rashtriya Rifles (RR) was killed in the gun battle in Aglar village with the militants who belonged “to the same group” who attacked a police check-post in Rajpora on Saturday. Two other soldiers and a civilian were also injured in the operation that has now ended, police said. Following intelligence inputs about the presence of militants, troops of the 44 RR, Special Operations Group (SOG) of state police and the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) had surrounded the village on Monday evening. As the cordon was being tightened, hiding militants fired at the joint team of security forces. The gunfight started late on Monday evening. The civilian injured is Showkat Ahmad, who along with other protesters had clashed with the security forces to disrupt the terror operation. Internet services have been suspended in Pulwama district to check the spread of rumours. (with IANS) (Views expressed in tweets do not reflect Lokmarg policy) // ]]>

China saves Jaish chief Azhar at UN again

China on Thursday blocked a US resolution seeking to declare Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad chief Masood Azhar a global terrorist.

Due to lack of consensus at the UNSC committee, the application seeking a ban on Masood Azhar has been rejected, a Chinese Foreign Ministry official told IANS. This is the second time Beijing has vetoed the proposal which was first moved by India at the Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee of the United Nations Security Council in March last year. China did the same to a US proposal backed by France and the UK. It first blocked it in January and then put a technical hold for three months in August. A new resolution will have to be moved now. China has cited lack of consensus among the 15-members of the UNSC and no solid proof against the terrorist who is accused by India of plotting a deadly attack on an Indian airbase in January 2016.

Deeply disappointed, says India

India on Thursday expresed “deep disappointment” with China’s decision to block consensus on the listing of Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad chief Masood Azhar on the UN-designated list of international terrorists. “We are deeply disappointed that once again, a single country has blocked international consensus on the designation of an acknowledged terrorist and leader of UN-designated terrorist organization, Masood Azhar,” External Affairs ministry spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said. “India strongly believes that double standards and selective approaches will only undermine the international community’s resolve to combat terrorism,” he said. “We can only hope that there will be a realisation that accommodating with terrorism for narrow objectives is both short sighted and counter productive.” (IANS) // ]]>

Beijing to save Jaish chief Azhar again at UN

China is set to block a resolution at the UN this week to declare Pakistan-based JeM chief Masood Azhar an international terrorist, frustrating India and the US who want the chief plotter of a deadly attack on an Indian Army camp punished.

After Beijing blocked and put a technical hold on India’s application that lapsed last year, the US in January had put a fresh proposal – backed by France and the UK – to ban Azhar. Beijing again put a technical hold on the proposal till August, only to extend it further for three months. The technical hold expires on Thursday. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said the 1267 Committee of the UN Security Council was still in disagreement to approve the application. “As for the listing application by the relevant country, there are disagreements. China put the technical hold to allow more time to deliberate on this matter,” Hua said. “To our regret, the committee so far has yet to reach consensus,” she added. Minus China, all the countries of the 15-member Security Council are on board to ban Azhar, who heads the Jaish-e-Mohammad outfit. China is one of the five veto holding members and its vote for and against the resolution is decisive. “We have made our position clear many times form this podium. Relevant resolutions of the Security Council have clear stipulations as to the mandate of 1267 committee and also clear stipulations when it comes to the listing of the terrorist organisations and individuals,” Hua said. “We believe that the committee (UN) should follow the principles of objectivity, professionalism and fairness and reach a decision by consensus based on solid proof,” she said. The listing of Azhar has become a sore point between China and India. In September, China agreed to include Azhar’s outfit in the joint statement by BRICS members. (IANS) // ]]>


Masood Azhar,[/caption] An all weather friendship China considers Pakistan as its most favorable ally in Asia. It had helped Islamabad in building atomic weapons and delivery systems. The historical proximity of India to Russia, UK, France and the US makes both the allies edgy as regards their future. Beijing’s crackdown on its Muslim Uyghur community in Xinjiang province is not unknown, and Pakistan stood by the nation in the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation on this issue. Islamabad also backs China’s claims on almost all of the South China Sea. Containing India China sees India as a competitor and sometimes even a threat. More than the terror groups in Pakistan, it is India’s economic rise that worries China. India’s economy grew faster than China in 2015, official GDP data released by both countries revealed. India grew at an average of 7.5% in 2015, which is more than the 6.9% GDP that Beijing reported during the same period, making India the world’s fastest growing major economy. China believes that it can bring India to its knees through Pakistan. The terror sponsored by Pakistan will make it tough for India to achieve economic stability and a conducive climate for foreign investors. Trust deficit A strong foundation of distrust was laid between the two nations when India gave asylum to Tibetan leader Dalai Lama. It was bolstered when India didn’t back the Asian neighbour on the South China Sea issue and instead, kicked off naval drills with the US and Japan in the disputed sea. Territorial disputes between the two Asian giants with no solution in sight have only made matters worse. India’s strategic alignments India’s burgeoning friendship with the US has not been taken too kindly by China. Beijing believes that New Delhi is a counterweight that Washington wants to use to contain its rise as an Asian behemoth. India firmly stands with Japan, Australia, and US in the Pacific Ocean and countries like Vietnam, Indonesia and Philippines who have territorial disputes with China over the South China Sea, have sided with India and want New Delhi to play a pro active role in the South China Sea dispute. Also, India will be setting up a satellite tracking and imaging centre in southern Vietnam that will give Hanoi access to pictures from Indian earth observation satellites that cover the region, including China and the South China Sea. The move has irritated Beijing. The China Pakistan Economic Corridor  Taking their bonhomie to an ambitious level, China has invested more than $45 billion in Pakistan to build a 3,000km-long corridor which will connect China’s northwestern Xinjiang region to Gwadar port in Pakistan’s southwest while passing through PoK. China sees the project as an alternative to sea routes from Africa and West Asia through the South China Sea and any unfavourable move by China against Pakistan will endanger the project. The completion of CPEC is important for China because the Trans- Pakistan road and rail corridor will bring down Chinese dependency on the US to keep the choke point of Strait of Malacca open. The Pakistani port of Gwadar is hardly a few hundred miles from the mouth of the Persian Gulf and via CPEC, China will reach the waters of Arabian Sea through friendly territory. So, it is in China’s best interest to keep Pakistan happy. The shortsighted policymakers in China must understand that by supporting Pakistan’s rouge elements that are sure to move beyond ISI and Pakistani army’s grasp, Beijing will create problems for itself sooner or later. With the trade between India and China expected to cross $100 billion in near future, Beijing has to rework on its Islamabad strategy. India is a developing economy with a large population, which means a great market for China. As for Pakistan, one is only reminded of the idiom: “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket // ]]>